Here is a quick Leopard Gecko Egg Incubation Guide:
80 - 90 degrees Fahrenheit
Temperature Determined Sex (TDS)
80-83 Mostly females
84-86 Mix of males and females
87-90 Mostly males
How long do they incubate The cooler incubation temps, the longer the period the incubation period
84 degrees = around 60 days at 87 degrees = around 50 days Medium
Various hatching mediums Several mediums can be used including perlite, vermiculite, peat moss, and of course Supreme Hatch Material. All have their + & -. Our suggestion for those beginner leopard gecko breeders (intermediate and advanced as well) is the SHM.
How much water to use It is always better to have drier than too moist of medium. Here are some examples- Vermiculite-peat-sphagnum moss- just enough that when squeeze, barely water drips out
SHM and Perlite- fill up medium cup, let sit for a minute or two then drain. Mold Mold usuall [ ... ]
Egg binding in reptiles (dystocia) is a serious situation and a visit to a reputable vet should be considered.
Symptoms- lethargy, loss of appetite, most notably bloated stomach. Unfortunately almost impossible to tell by an inexperienced breeder!
Cause- while genetic (physical deformity), abnormally large/misshaped/stuck together eggs are causes of egg binding, poor health is a much more common cause- including calcium deficiency. Most often occurs in first time breeding females (DeNardo 1995). Can occur even with unbred females.
Solution- several hobbiests rely on luke warm baths. Another method is to gently massage the egg area. Both of these methods are very risky. The best option to take is to consult a vet that speciallizing in reptile care.
Note- it may be more dangereous to the animal's health to treat before it is needed. Finally, again poor health/breeding practices greatly increase the chance for Egg Binding and will, if egg binding does occur greatly increase th [ ... ]
This is one of those classic “It depends answers”. First, never keep 2 males of any type of gecko together as they will certainly fight. Also, separate subadult males from females until they are adults, This avoids the male from breeding with a female not large enough to breed (at least 52 grams). Finally, do not keep geckos of significant size difference together. The smaller will most likely either be bullied and not grow like it should or become lunch. Always try to provide floor space than height in your enclosure as leopard geckos are terrestrial (ground dwelling). A 20L is MUCH better than a 20H. Baby leopard geckos can be kept together without an issue. We keep the two from the same hatch (2 eggs laid at the same time) together. Consider keeping up to 4 per 10 gallons of enclosure until they are juveniles. Juveniles (2-4 months of age) will take a bit more space and should be limited to 3/10 gallons of space. As sub-adults (5-10 months of age), not only should you [ ... ]Read More
Help! My leopard geckos are fighting. I hear that often this time of year. Keepers understand that geckos may fight if kept together, especially 2 males. and become concerned when they see their pets battling it out. However, there is a difference between aggressive fighting and the instinctual breeding behavior of nipping and nudging.
During this display the animals will grasp the other around the neck or tail area and also head push the second one. This is very common and natural. What you don't want to see is biting accompanied by violent shaking and thrashing by the over aggressive animal. With this demonstration, it is time to separate the animals!
This section of information is meant to be a quick-stop answer source. We've all had those questions that stop us in our tracks and we just need a quick answer. I am hoping you will find the answer you are looking for here. If you do, let me know!! I would appreciate the feedback.
A quick tip, all key words have been highlighted in red type to make them stand out. Also, you can do a search for a specific word in your question by typing it then, at the same time, press the CTRL and F keys, typing your word (example eating), then pressing the FIND NEXT button. My New Gecko I just purchased a new gecko from you, what should I do now?
There are several things you can do to ensure the health of your new animal: 1. Quarantine your animal- do not pu [ ... ]
Occasionally, I will be posting questions and my answered from Emails I receive.
Here is one that I have had several times.
"My leopard gecko has always allowed me to pick her up. She has been aggressive toward other family members but not toward me, until recently. Now, she even bites at me every time I try to pick her up! How do I stop her from biting?"
That is really odd that he would be so defensive. Unfortunately, the more they feel they can get away with biting, the more they do it.
There are a couple of little tricks-
Always pick Mr Cindy up from the side, never from on top. Touch the animal first, let it jump a little, it may even turn around and sniff your finger but don't back down. Give it a couple of seconds then 'scoop' it up from underneath.
If he has an open mouth, treat him just like a child- if you pick him up he will bite. You can do a couple of things instead- use a spray bottle and spray into his mouth. This is harmless and he'll get the mes [ ... ]
I had the opportunity to actually watch a leopard gecko hatch today. What a blast.
At times, it seemed to struggle to get out of the egg- breathing heavy then not breathing at all. Should I help this little one? I cannot let it die like this! The longer I waited, the the harder it was to watch.
It was all that I could do to not interfere. With each incremental emergence, it seemed that it was its last. How do these fragile little animals summon the energy to make it out of their cells? It's hard to imagine until you see it first hand.
Sand can cause impaction in geckos. While capturing insects, the gecko (especially young ones) can ingest pieces of substrate. In the wild, it is believed, leopard geckos may consume some substrate to gain the benefits of calcium. We don't think this is beneficial at all in our captive maintained animals.
A dish with a calcium supplement can decrease sand consumption considerable! For a substrate, a better option would be to use paper towel or ceramic tiles.
Here is a great links: From Hubpages- What is Reptile Impaction Pretty graphic!
And another photo of the effects of sand impaction.
You can see the dramatic effect of sand ingestion.
Radiograph provided with permission from Susan Horton, DVM and Chicago Exotics Animal Hospital
Here is a great shot of a leopard gecko terribly impacted (photo courtesy Kellie Dean
Everyone has their “If I had a nickel every time….” scenario. Well, mine is customers asking why their leopard gecko is not eating and what they need to do as they do so their pet does not die. I enjoy discussing geckos with other hobbyists and especially with new owners. Leopard geckos are so exciting, fun animal. Anytime I can help someone better maintain their pet gives me quite a bit of pleasure. However, we get a lot of Emails and questions at reptile shows from new and from long term owners that their crested gecko is not eating! e to Panic First, baby leopard geckos are fine with missing a meal or two. An adult leopard can miss several weeks of food due to the extra storage in their fat tails! The most important consideration at this time is to make sure you are misting their enclosure. Keeping them hydrated is priority one! Eating or Not Eating So, how can you know for sure that your crested is eating? This is much easier than one would [ ... ]Read More
I just purchased a new leopard gecko from you, what should I do now?
There are several things you can do to ensure the health of your new animal:
Quarantine your animal- do not put it in an enclosure with other leopard geckos- for at least 30 days. The helps prevent any disease issues passing to the new animal or from the new animal. Also, new animals sometimes get bullied by established animals.
Provide a safe, clean, comfortable new home for the animal. You should check the information provide on this or other web pages for more details on the needs of yourgecko new (this includes temperature requirements!).
Provide clean water in a dish for the leopard. I believe this is one of the most important, yet overlooked needs of new animals.
Minimize handling of new animals for at least a week especially very young animals.
Do not worry if they do not eat the first or second day after you have them. This is a very normal adjustment period for them. Match the insect [ ... ]
This past summer, one of our leopard geckos went missing. This is always a stressful time as you worry so much about your pet. I learned several things from this event and hope this article can minimize your stress and help you find your missing gecko quicker. First Steps to Find Your Gecko The first thing you should do is quickly scan the area within 10 feet of the gecko’s enclosure. It is amazing how many geckos are found only a few feet away from their escape point. Look around the perimeter of the room they are kept in- along walls, under the couch or easy chair. They will walk to a wall and then travel along a straight line until they can find a place to hide. If this suits them, they will usually stay there until night. Being nocturnal, the leopard will then snoop around their new environment. n’t PanicHealthy adult leopard geckos can actually survive for quite some time in our homes without us. This is due to the fat reserves they store in their tail [ ... ]Read More
While each of us enjoys our leopard gecko, sometimes just like us, they can develop illnesses. We want to care for our pets as best as we can, but must realize that even with the best care, animals get sick. Prevention We are a big believer that preventative maintenance is the best way to avoid illness in one's animals. By keeping clean tanks, fresh water dishes, fresh food dishes, proper temperatures/humidity and other requirements your animals' health will be at its peak and they will be less susceptible to diseases. However, it is important to know what to do in case your leopard does become ill. The following are some of the more common diseases and health concerns you may encounter. MBD - Metabolic Bone Disease Metabolic bone disease is a calcium deficiency. Although uncommon, symptoms include, sluggishness, painful and swollen joints and weak jaws. This disease is easily curable and also preventable. All you have to do is make sure your leo is getting his necessary s [ ... ]Read More
So, you've purchased or been given your first leopard gecko. Well, there are a few things you need to know to get started. In the pages that follow, I hope to provide the basic information you need to maintain a healthy pet leopard gecko. Additional, more in-depth information can be found later in this chapter.
If You Have Not Made The Purchase Yet....
Leopard geckos have a few requirements you should know about before purchasing them as a pet.
Your new pet will require heat to their enclosure. They will feed on live foods. Also, while they are one of the easiest handled reptiles, the time should be limited to a few minutes per day and should exclude small children. When you are ready to purchase your first leopard gecko, look for healthy animal. Large tails and perky disposition (not constantly sleeping) are two things to look for. If you are purchasing on-line, ask specific questions. Your experience and the animal's will be more enjoyable if you start with a healthy gecko [ ... ]
Before You Breed Your Gecko....
Before beginning a discussion on breeding, I must ask the following question- Are you prepared to breed your gecko?
That seems fairly obvious otherwise you wouldn't have visited this page. However, there are several points I would like to bring up before going any further
Do you have the knowledge? Well, hopefully that is why you are here. I have heard so often, or read on the internet so many times, "I have eggs, what should I do now!". Gaining the knowledge before breeding will benefit you, the new babies, and the parents. Are the Parents ready? Geckos generally do not breed during the cooler months of winter. Are you sure you have a pair? Are they healthy? Are they the right size? Is this the right season? Do you have the necessary equipment- incubator, scale, etc.? Are you prepared for the babies? Do you have the extra time and facility to check and care for the eggs and to house up to 20 babies per female you breed? Do you have a home f [ ... ]